From matter to data

Atlas of the Liminal

Atlas of The Liminal traces transitional spaces, contested places, zones of exception, territories haunted by past innovation, frontiers lacerated by conflicting visions. Generated through algorithmic processes, machinic seeing unwraps three-dimensional image data onto the plane – obtaining perspectives alien to the human eye, and integrating the dimension of time where views overlap.

This series, Atlas of the Liminal: From matter to data, charts ‘Superfund’ sites in Santa Clara County, California – former silicon wafer and chip fabrication plants, now contaminated lands where the intellectual superstructure of our supposedly dematerialised culture is designed.
A catalogue of over 20 works will be online soon.


350 Ellis Street, Mountain View, California

Raytheon, the US aerospace, electronics and defence conglomerate, operated a semiconductor manufacturing facility at 350 Ellis Street from 1961. In the late 1990s, the site passed on to a succession of data management company and cybersecurity companies. But the shift from hardware to software development did not make material concerns irrelevant. Since the 1980s, workers and the local community experienced health issues that were traced to soil and groundwater contamination by VOCs (volatile organic compounds) – primarily trichloroethylene, which is used in chip fabrication. While the semiconductor industry has moved elsewhere, the toxic legacy lingers – 350 Ellis Street is currently designated as a ’Superfund’ site and prioritised for cleanup by the Environmental Protection Agency.


18 Oct 2022 – 17 Apr 2023  Code & Algorithm. Meaning in a Calculated World,  Fundación Telefónica, Madrid

Developed during the artist residency at Xenoform Labs, San Francisco, and the Roberta Denning artist residency 2021 at Stanford University.