Fashion of Resistance

A photograph from the women’s protest at Shaheen Bagh, Delhi, is reproduced across over 100 textile flaps that make up a radical costume; the women’s faces are anonymised. The performer in the costume takes a step, then gracefully inverts. As she walks on her hands, the costume flips to momentarily reveal the original, un-redacted image. This costume addresses the protestors’ dilemma: visibility and anonymity – for protesters, both are essential. The body must be present to occupy space, while individual anonymity is necessary for protection against arbitrary or extrajudicial coercion.  

Fashion of Resistance (Not in Pieces)
Concept costume, digital video, 2023
was conceived by Manu Luksch as part of
Artefacts of Resistance: Creating Archives of Transnational Protest Movements – a collaboration with Srilata Sircar (India Institute, King’s College London), Ufaque Paikar (Ashoka University), Mukul Patel (Royal College of Art), and Raktim Ray (University College London).

Performance artist: Natalie Reckert
DoP: Ray Miller-Davis
Photo document ‘Shaheen Bagh protest’: Apeksha Priyadarshini
Photo documentation, installation view, Vienna: Nathan Murrell, Lea Dörl

With thanks to Yukika Taylor, Jenny Matthews

Supported by KCL X SHS (2021/22), Imagining Futures Through Un/Archived Pasts
Exhibitions and presentations:
radical matter. When Materialism is No Longer Enough. 2024. Angewandte Interdisciplinary Lab, Postsparkasse, Vienna
Fashion X AI, 2023. The Mills Fabrica, London
Reinscribing the archive through artistic research and activism. 2023. Royal Geographical Society London
Artefacts of Resistance, 2023. University of London
KCL x SHS Showcase. 2022. London


How can protestors balance their need for visibility and anonymity? This was one of the central questions of Artefacts of Resistance: Creating Archives of Transnational Protest Movements, an interdisciplinary project that brought together urban geographers and artists around some significant recent protests in India.

Across all regime types around the world, campaigners for social and environmental justice are threatened through defamation and fake news and arrested on trumped-up charges. The same media platforms that enable new forms of collective action also leave protestors vulnerable to state or corporate surveillance and mob trolling.

The concept costume Not in Pieces by Manu Luksch addresses the protestors’ dilemma. A dress that transforms through movement,  Not in Pieces is constructed from an image taken by activist Apeksha Priyadarshini at the Shaheen Bagh protest. In December 2019, Modi’s government introduced the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), which extended Indian citizenship to non-Muslim refugees from Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Pakistan who had fled to India before 2015. A National Register was implemented, requiring all Indians to provide documentary evidence of residence and Indian ancestry. The CAA attracted global criticism and was labelled ‘fundamentally discriminatory’ by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. Student protests followed; their brutal crackdown by police mobilised women, many of them homemakers, to come out in peaceful support, standing up for their children’s rights and demanding that the Act be revoked. In their thousands, organised but without a leader, they staged a sit-in at Shaheen Bagh, causing traffic blockage for months. The protest inspired women in other large Indian cities, and exposed new possibilities for the political use of public space. 

Proponents of CAA spread fake news that portrayed women at Shaheen Bagh as paid protesters. In a sting video shot in a small shop in Delhi, a young man is heard claiming that the women had been paid by the Congress party to demonstrate. Broadcast and print media amplified this claim without fact-checking, with the result that the voice of a single man – who is not even visible in the video – undermined the credibility and impact of a protest by thousands of women. 


further links

Artefacts of Resistance: Creating Archives of Transnational Protest Movements. Video documentation about the open access media archive designed by Mukul Patel (4min 50 sec)